Un libro de texto de irlandés actual cóntanolo.
The alphabet Only 18 letters of the alphabet are normally used in writing Irish. These are a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h, i, l, m, n, o, p, r, s, t, u. The letter v is used in some loan-words (e.g. vóta, from English vote), but j, q, w, x and z are restricted to some scientific terms. The consonants r, l, n are written double in some words; compare fear (man) and fearr (better), geal (bright) with geall (promise) (verb), gan (without) with gann (scarce). A long vowel is indicated by a length mark placed over it: solas means light and sólás means consolation. Two features of Irish spelling will immediately strike the learner. One is the occurrence of h after a wide range of consonants, so that alongside ch, th and sh, which are familiar in English, you will see bh, mh, dh, etc. Another such feature is the large number of vowel combinations, as in feoil (meat), buíoch (grateful), feiceáil (seeing). These two features of written Irish are explained in the next section.
Se, Diarmuid O. Complete Irish Beginner to Intermediate Book and Audio Course: Learn to read, write, speak and understand a new language with Teach Yourself (Complete Languages) (Kindle Locations 247-259). Hodder & Stoughton. Kindle Edition.